DNA for Native American Ancestry, by Roberta Estes, begins by discussing fundamental issues involved in establishing Native American heritage. The author first defines the concept of “indigenous people.” She then answers questions like “Can DNA Results Identify a Tribe?” and “Can I Join a Tribe?”. Another section covers the requirements and benefits of tribal membership, and Ms. Estes discusses tribal membership in Canada, as well as in the U.S. She also stresses the importance of knowing what is and what isn’t proof of Native American heritage. One of the most helpful features of Part 1 of DNA for Native American Ancestry is Roberta’s summary of the stages of research she went through in order to establish her own connection to indigenous ancestors. We have reprinted it below.