Starr Roll, 1894 (Cherokee Payment Rolls). Districts: Flint, Going Snake, and Illinois. Volume Two

Starr Roll, 1894 (Cherokee Payment Rolls). Districts: Flint, Going Snake, and Illinois. Volume Two

$43.50$47.50

Author: Bowen, Jeff
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: x 332 pp.
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Item #: 8008-m Categories: , , ,

Description

The Starr Roll (Cherokee Payment Rolls and Index 1894) is found in the National Archives film 7RA38, Rolls 2-5, under the heading Record Group 75. The rolls or lists were compiled by Ezekiel Eugene Starr (1849-1905), a Cherokee senator for the Flint District in 1883 and then treasurer for the Western Cherokee Nation in 1891.

On March 3, 1893, Congress passed an act that authorized the sale of lands west of the Cherokee Nation known as the Cherokee Outlet, and later referred to as the 1894 Cherokee Strip Payment. Originally created by agreement with the Eastern Cherokee in 1835, the Cherokee Outlet occupied a strip of land 57 miles wide in present-day northern/northwestern Oklahoma and was intended as a “perpetual outlet west” for the Cherokee. After 1877 the Cherokee National leased the Outlet to the Cherokee Strip Livestock Association, which desired it for its rich grazing lands. Then, in 1893, homesteaders were permitted to stake their claims to this land in the fourth and largest of Oklahoma’s five land runs. In return for opening the Cherokee Outlet to white settlers, eligible members of the Cherokee National were paid the per-capita sum of $365.70.

E. E. Starr, then Cherokee treasurer, created the receipt roll for these payments. He arranged the roll by each of the eight Cherokee Districts, and thereunder by each party’s enrollment number. The contents of the receipt roll, transcribed here by Jeff Bowen, include the name of the head of household, names of other household members, name of person receiving the payment, and the name of a person who witnessed the transaction of record. Volume 2 covers the districts of Flint, Going Snake, and Illinois within the Cherokee Outlet, and it refers to approximately 10,000 persons impacted by the Cherokee Strip Payment.

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